Densen Customized Fluid Coupling, Hydraulic Couplings
|Product Name||Densen customized adjust speed fluid coupling,hydraulic flexible fluid couplings,yot fluid coupling|
|Allowable speed||1500~3000 RPM|
|Material||35CrMo/ZG270/45# steel/Aluminum alloy|
|Application||Widely used in metallurgy, mining, engineering and other fields.|
Typical case of diaphragm coupling applied to variable frequency speed control equipment
JMB type coupling is applied to HangZhou Oilfield Thermal Power Plant
According to the requirements of HangZhou Electric Power Corporation, HangZhou Oilfield Thermal Power Plant should dynamically adjust the power generation according to the load of the power grid and market demand, and carry out the transformation of the frequency converter and the suction fan. The motor was originally a 1600KW, 730RPM non-frequency variable speed motor matched by HangZhou Motor Factory. The speed control mode after changing the frequency is manual control. Press the button speed to increase 10RPM or drop 10RPM. The coupling is still the original elastic decoupling coupling, and the elastic de-coupling coupling after frequency conversion is frequently damaged, which directly affects the normal power generation.
It is found through analysis that in the process of frequency conversion speed regulation, the pin of the coupling can not bear the inertia of the speed regulation process (the diameter of the fan impeller is 3.3 meters) and is cut off, which has great damage to the motor and the fan.
Later, they switched to the JMB460 double-diaphragm wheel-type coupling of our factory (patent number: ZL.99246247.9). After 1 hour of destructive experiment and more than 1 year of operation test, the equipment is running very well, and there is no Replace the diaphragm. 12 units have been rebuilt and the operation is in good condition.
Other Application Case
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Handling Overloads and Stall Conditions in Fluid Couplings
A fluid coupling is designed to handle overloads and stall conditions in power transmission systems. When an overload or stall occurs, the fluid coupling utilizes its unique operating principle to protect the drivetrain and the connected machinery:
- Slip Feature: One of the key characteristics of a fluid coupling is its ability to slip at high torque loads. When an overload situation arises, the fluid coupling allows some relative motion between the input and output sides, known as slip. This slip absorbs the excess torque and prevents it from being transferred to the driven equipment, effectively protecting it from damage.
- Fluid Circulation: During normal operation, the fluid inside the coupling circulates smoothly between the impeller and turbine, transmitting torque with minimal losses. However, when an overload or stall condition occurs, the fluid circulation may become turbulent, generating heat in the process. This heat dissipation helps in absorbing and dissipating the excess energy, preventing the transmission system from experiencing sudden stress.
- Automatic Reconnection: After an overload or stall condition, once the excess torque is dissipated through slip and heat, the fluid coupling automatically reconnects the input and output sides, resuming the power transmission. This automatic reconnection ensures that the system returns to normal operation once the overload situation is resolved.
- Sturdy Construction: Fluid couplings are designed with robust and durable materials to withstand high torque and thermal stresses during overload conditions. The strong construction ensures that the fluid coupling remains reliable and operational even after multiple overload events.
Overall, a fluid coupling’s ability to handle overloads and stall conditions makes it a reliable and essential component in various industrial applications. By providing overload protection and slip characteristics, fluid couplings help prevent costly damage to equipment, increase operational safety, and contribute to the longevity of the entire power transmission system.
Real-World Case Studies: Improved Performance with Fluid Couplings
Fluid couplings have been widely adopted in various industries, and numerous real-world case studies demonstrate their positive impact on performance and efficiency. Here are a few examples:
Case Study 1: Mining Conveyor System
In a large mining operation, a conveyor system used to transport heavy loads of ore experienced frequent starts and stops due to fluctuating material supply. The abrupt starting and stopping led to significant wear and tear on the conveyor components, causing frequent breakdowns and maintenance downtime.
After installing fluid couplings at critical points in the conveyor system, the soft start and stop capability of the fluid couplings significantly reduced the mechanical stress during operation. This led to a smoother material flow, reduced conveyor wear, and extended equipment life. Additionally, the fluid couplings’ overload protection feature prevented damage to the conveyor during peak loads, ensuring uninterrupted production.
Case Study 2: Marine Propulsion System
In a marine vessel equipped with traditional direct drive systems, the crew faced challenges in maneuvering the ship efficiently. The fixed propeller arrangement made it challenging to control the vessel’s speed and direction accurately, leading to increased fuel consumption and decreased maneuverability.
By retrofitting the vessel’s propulsion system with fluid couplings, the ship’s performance improved significantly. The fluid couplings allowed for flexible and smooth speed control, enabling precise maneuvering and reduced fuel consumption. The ability to adjust the load on the propeller enhanced the vessel’s overall efficiency, resulting in reduced operating costs and improved environmental sustainability.
Case Study 3: Industrial Pumping Station
In an industrial pumping station, the constant starting and stopping of the pumps caused water hammer and pressure surges within the pipeline network. The sudden hydraulic shocks led to pipe bursts, valve failures, and increased energy consumption.
After implementing fluid couplings in the pump drive systems, the pumps could be softly started and stopped. The fluid couplings’ torque control capabilities ensured a gradual increase in pump speed, eliminating water hammer and pressure surges. As a result, the pumping station’s reliability improved, maintenance costs decreased, and the energy consumption reduced due to smoother pump operations.
These case studies demonstrate the positive effects of using fluid couplings in various applications. They highlight how fluid couplings contribute to improved performance, reduced mechanical stress, enhanced control, and cost savings in industrial machinery and systems.
Principle of Hydrodynamic Fluid Coupling
A hydrodynamic fluid coupling operates on the principle of hydrokinetics, utilizing hydraulic fluid to transmit power between an engine or prime mover and a driven load. The key components of a fluid coupling are the impeller, the turbine, and the housing filled with hydraulic fluid.
Here’s how the principle works:
- Impeller: The impeller is connected to the engine’s crankshaft and is responsible for driving the hydraulic fluid. As the impeller rotates, it creates a flow of fluid within the housing.
- Fluid Flow: The rotational motion of the impeller causes the fluid to move radially outward, towards the housing walls. This generates a high-velocity fluid flow in the housing.
- Turbine: The turbine is connected to the driven load, such as a transmission or machinery input shaft. As the fluid flows onto the blades of the turbine, it causes the turbine to rotate.
- Power Transmission: The kinetic energy of the high-velocity fluid is transferred to the turbine, resulting in the rotation of the driven load. The power transmission is achieved purely through the hydrodynamic effect of the fluid flow.
- Slip: In a fluid coupling, there is always a slight difference in speed (slip) between the impeller and the turbine. This slip is necessary to allow the fluid to accelerate from rest to the speed of the turbine. As a result, the output speed of the driven load is always slightly less than the input speed from the engine.
Hydrodynamic fluid couplings provide several advantages, such as smooth power transmission, overload protection, and torsional vibration dampening. However, they do not provide torque multiplication like torque converters do, making them more suitable for applications where precise speed matching is required.
editor by CX 2023-08-18